Why Terra Cotta?
- Fired clay, also known as Terra Cotta, is a durable, enduring material.
- Many of the ancient cities of old Europe are roofed in clay tiles, some many centuries old.
- The Great Wall of China is over 5,500 miles long, constructed with over 3.8 billion bricks starting in 210 B.C.
- The Colosseum and many of the oldest structures still standing in Rome are built from brick. Some over 2,000 years old.
- Made using the same process brick – tile has performed exquisitely for thousands of years.
- Ludowici takes this basic principle of firing clay to harden it and applies modern technology and techniques to produce a wide range of Terra cotta products; roof tiles, flooring and wall cladding.
- Earliest evidence – Neolithic China (10,000bc-2,000bc)
- Later independent use – Middle East
- Spread throughout Europe and the Orient
- Proliferated in Greece and Rome
- Romans introduced to British Isles
- Spanish brought to Western U.S.
- Northern Europeans brought to East Coast
How Terra Cotta Tile Is Made
- Terra Cotta Tile is made by shaping and firing clay/dirt consisting of aluminum, silica, carbonaceous material, magnesium, water and other natural components
- Clay is harvested and brought to plant
- Blended, ground, screened for impurities
- Extruded under pressure
- Dried to remove moisture
- Fired at very high temperatures